HISTORY OF CINEMA
Cinema is an audiovisual medium that uses images, sound, and editing to communicate.
It was born in the twentieth century. In the year of 1894, Louis Lumiére and his brother Auguste patented the cinematography, a system of photographs in movement.
In December 1895 the public exhibition of the film Salida de las factorías, produced by the inventing brothers, began.
In the following years, they filmed more than 40 films and made new inventions: the photography in 1903, Magna voices, color films, and others until a film version appears in relief in 1936.
In 1894, Thomas Alva Edison (1847-1931) presented the invention of the kinetoscope, a bulky device to pass images with a movement which patented in that same year.
Edison in 1895 exhibited for the first time hand-colored films including Annabelle.
In the early years of the century George Eastman (1854-1922) established his monopoly for the manufacture of virgin film and in 1908 he partnered with Edison to control the film production in the United States: Charles Pathé (1863-1957) opened showrooms in many countries, came to control 50% of the existing distribution around the world around 1910. The cinema new industry in the rapid expansion was soon monopolized by a few magnates.
Growth Of Cinema
In its first decades, the cinema lacked a voice. Parliaments were referred to in pictures with written legends that interrupted the development of the scenes. The musical accompaniment was done by pianists, small orchestras or phonographs placed near the screen.
Since 1927 the production of sound films with the film El Cantante de jazz began in the United States.
The procedures for making color films were perfected little by little, from the hand-made colored picture by picture, used since 1900 in Lumiére films, through the illuminated insoles of Pathé, by the Kinemacolor that incorporated the trichromy, the Technicolor and other methods such as Agfaclor, Sovcolor, Gevacolor, Fujicolor, etc.
The production in color was perfected and became widespread since the 1950s.
The widescreen cinema, wide and large, the cinemascope invented in 1927 by Henri Chrétien (1879-1956), 1953 was introduced with the film The Holy Mantle and expanded immediately.
The cinema incorporated new technical advances, for example, the sound in magnetic track, the stereo and the use of multiple, polyester films, and other materials, magnetic recording of the image, spherical projection, etc.
His advances with the new technology were perfecting the cinematographic production.
In the year 1928, the Academy of Cinematographic Arts and Sciences of Hollywood realizes the first delivery of the prizes Oscar.
Cinema is the great contribution that our time has made to art, it is a means of mass communication that has influenced the intellectual and emotional formation of the last generations in the XX and XXI centuries.
It has been the most important distraction for the population of all countries and a means of knowledge on all aspects of reality.
CINEMA IN THE 21ST CENTURY
According to certain sectors of the critique, cinema began in the 80s in postmodernism (artistic, cultural, literary and philosophical movements of the 21st century). Hence, the exhaustion of the avant-garde, the imposition of the concept of simultaneity on continuity, the recycling of old materials.
Milestones of this postmodern cinema would be films like Blade Runner in (1982) or Pulp Fiction in (1994), films armed from the recreation of old film and literary codes that little by little have lost their validity as black cinema.
Generally, the technology changed to the cinema. The special effects based on models and overprints were developed by computers, the first film with digital effects was Tron en (1982) and from there the development was fulminating, to the point that in 1995 the company Pirax could perform the first full-length film by computer.
Internet was a major challenge in the large studios due to the growth of the storage capacity in hard drives and laptops this led to the first time it was possible to reproduce virtually an integrated question, without losing quality.
Then came the P2P networks (PEER TO PEER), which allows exchanging information of all kinds without a central server and many users started downloading movies for free.
In the city of Paris on February 2, 2000, Philippe Binant made the first public screening of digital cinema in Europe, based on the application of a MEMS (DLP CINEMA), developed by Texas Instruments.